Strict guidelines are designed for workplace safety in the United States. The Drug-Free Workplace Act of 1988 made it mandatory to conduct employee drug testing. This helps in minimizing the risks of accidents or injuries at workplaces. Random drug testing has got a lot of significance in ensuring safety.
The procedure of random workplace drug testing is based on various factors. Some of them include, type and nature of workplace; nature of workforce; and rules and regulations laid down by the company.
Random drug testing is conducted on employees without giving any prior notice. There is no time given to the employees and hence they cannot adulterate the sample. So it is an effective method of finding drug abused employees. Random drug testing is conducted on officials of aviation industry in order to avoid occurrence of accidents. They are also conducted on professionals who are involved in sensitive work like those in security and defense industries. These days employers of various industries prefer to conduct random drug testing to maintain safety and discipline.