Archive for ‘Health’

December 29th, 2015

How Orthodontic Mini Implants Improve Quality of Life?

by tocuser12

Mini dental implants are an alternative to traditional dental implants but are used typically in situations where a mini implant is needed to fit a narrow location. They are used to reinstate missing teeth to maintain good oral health. Small teeth and incisors are good candidates for mini implants as they are the devices that require equalization such as lower jaw dentures.

In the past few years, tremendous advancements in braces technology have been put forward. The orthodontic mini and micro implant anchors provided by the dentists are helpful for correction of uneven teeth, molar uprighting, space closures, correction of open bites and other tooth movements. These implants benefit with the results that may not be accomplished with braces alone. Orthodontic dental implants aid the patient with greater comfort that means no lip bumpers, headgears & other auxiliaries; it simply reduces the compliance required and speeds up treatment.

Mini dental implants are used to reconstruct lost teeth in the following areas.

  • Front teeth
  • Small teeth
  • Pre-molars

Teeth located in narrow areas

These implants are used to steadily secure and hold dentures into place, providing a most efficient and trustworthy way to secure them over adhesives, and preventing them from slipping out of place. Denture wearers will find that dentures secured with mini dental implants which make it easier to speak, eat and smile with confidence. Mini dental implants are roughly half of the size of traditional implants and are beneficial to patients who have experienced bone loss.

How mini dental implants are beneficial?

  • Mini dental implants cost less.
  • Mini dental implants are about half the diameter. And do not contain a screw.
  • In the event of dental implant failure, these implants do not require grafting.

Mini dental implants heal faster, less invasive and have shorter procedure times.

Treatment planning
Mini dental implants are used to provide stability to patients with partial dentures or dentures. Mini implants that are used to secure dentures are single piece, where they do not have a screw hole into which other elements can be attached.

  • A ball shaped, small portion of the implant snaps securely and sticks out of the gums into a retaining socket contained on the inside of a denture.
  • This creates a stable denture which does not suffer from problems such as popping out, movement and application of messy adhesives.
  • The dentures remain on the gum tissue but the place at which the implant connects keeps them from slipping.

Mini dental implant procedure is much easier and quicker than that of traditional dental implant and can often be performed in a single visit. Though many patients have the implants placed under local anesthetic, many of them still opt for dental sedation. Mini dental implants are positioned into the bone in such a way that no sensory nerves are located in that point. This results in quick recovery times and post operative discomfort. Patients are given antibiotics after and before the procedure to ensure that the implants do not cause infection before the bone has the chance to heal around.

Orthodontic pins are made of titanium that are about half the length of your thumbnail and no wider than the head of a straight pin. Unlike other types of dental implants, placement if minimally intrusive and often completed using a topical anesthetic. These implants are directly inserted into the jaw by using a special instrument. They are set at the place where the teeth require moving, without compromising on the position of the teeth. There is no or little discomfort due to the absence of the nerve endings in the outer layer of the bone tissue. As the name implies the anchorage device is not permanent and is taken out in few months when it is no longer needed to  serve in tooth movement.

April 24th, 2015

Tips for Denture Maintenance

by Jonathan Cogley

Removable full or partial dentures require proper care for keeping them free from stains, clean and help them to last longer. Plaque can form on dentures too, just like they do on natural teeth. Failing to remove them daily can make them look less bright and white. It is important to clean your dentures with a brush and soak them in a cleanser solution daily to avoid odor Following are few Dos and Donts for denture maintenance:

  • Handle them with care: Make sure that you don’t damage or bend the plastic or the clasps(fastener) when cleaning.
  • Proper cleaning of dentures after eating: By running water over the dentures remove the food materials or other particles. Place a towel in the sink or on the counter or put some water so that the dentures wont break in case you drop them.
  • Brush your dentures at least twice a day: Clean your dentures by soaking and brushing with a non abrasive cleaner to remove plaque, food and other deposits. in case if you use adhesive for your dentures make sure to clean the grooves fitting against your gums for removing the adhesive remains. Never use denture cleansers inside your mouth.
  • Cleaning of mouth after removing dentures: By using a soft bristled tooth brush make sure that you clean your cheeks, tongue and palate(roof of your mouth).
  • Soak the dentures over night when not used: Dentures need to be remained moist to keep their shape. During nights when they are not put in used soak them either in a mild denture soaking solution or water.
  • Scheduled dental check ups: Visit your dentists to have your dentures examined and cleaned. Dentists can help ensure a perfect fit to prevent discomfort and slippage.
  • Whitening tooth pastes: Tooth pastes that are used aimed for whitening purpose contains abrasives and should be avoided on dentures.
  • Loose dentures can cause sores, infection and other irritation hence see your dentist if u have a loose fit of your dentures.
  • Avoid strong cleansers, harsh tooth paste and stiff bristled brushes for cleaning dentures as they contain abrasive materials.
  • Never use products that has bleaching effect because they weaken the dentures and changes their color. Make sure that you don’t soak dentures that are with metal attachments in chlorinated solutions as it can corrode and tarnish the metal.
  • Avoid boiling or hot water that could distort your dentures.

By following the above mentioned steps helps you to keep your dentures clean and use them for long time. It is important to visit your dentists once every six months and get checked for signs of gum disease or irritation.
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April 16th, 2015

Bad Breath: Causes & Simple Tips to Freshen Breath

by Jonathan Cogley

Bad breath is also known as halitosis which is usually caused by many factors. It can be caused by bacteria that feed over the food particles and other debris that sticks to the teeth or dentures. In this article main causes for bad breath and few tips to re-freshen the breath are mentioned.

Causes of bad breath
Bad breath is caused by various factors. The following are 5 main causes of bad breath:

  • Crypts in tonsils: Tonsils present in throat contain deep holes called crypts and in case if they are very wide and pitted some substance gets in to these holes and smells cheese like. This may be one of the reason for bad breath.
  • Bad habits: Bad habits like chewing tobacco, smoking leads to bad breath as they leave an offensive taste and smell in your mouth
  • Presence of bacteria inside mouth: bacteria usually breed inside your mouth where they hide between your teeth and cover all over your tongue. When these bacteria hibernate they release bad odors and toxins.
  • Pungent foods: Foods such as garlic, onion and fish can cause bad breath even hours after brushing of teeth.
  • Gastrointestinal(GI) problems: Few GI problems like ulcer causes bad breath while burping.

Tips to freshen your breath
Following are few tips to freshen up your breath:

  • Floss atleast once a day for fresh breath: Flossing removes the hidden food particles and plaque, which is a layer of bacteria that forms over the tooth. It also helps to prevent from periodontal disease which is another major cause for bad breath.
  • Brushing teeth and cleaning your tongue helps to get rid of bad breath: Brush atleast twice a day with a flouride tooth paste both the teeth and tongue which helps in removing bacteria which is responsible for bad breath.
  • Check for infections and get treated: bad breath may be caused if a person have sinus infection hence diagnosing them early and getting treated may prevent person from bad breath.
  • Gargle with peroxide mouth wash: if excess plaque is present go gargling with any antimicrobial mouth wash with peroxide present in it. The oxygen present in the peroxide kills the bad bacteria present in mouth which causes bad breath.
  • Keep yourself hydrated: staying hydrated by drinking plenty of fluids is required to get rid of bad breath because lack of fluids leads to dry mouth which finally leads to bad breath.
  • Chew gum to eradicate bad breath: chewing gum helps to salivate in case of dry mouth where the saliva washes away the bacteria present in your mouth.

The above information provides some of the few causes for bad breath and few simple daily tips to be followed to get rid of it.
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September 19th, 2014

Techniques on Removing Fluoride in Drinking Water

by Jonathan Cogley

Presence of fluoride in drinking water leads to serious effects on human. Fluoride in traces promotes dental health. On excess amounts causes serious effects on humans such as crippling bones and discoloration of teeth. There are some techniques for the removal of fluoride in drinking water to control these effects.

Defluoridation is the process of removal of fluoride from water. This technique is expensive. During the process of removing fluoride, accumulation of unnecessary toxic sludge in the drinking water. It may cause some health hazards but it can be controlled by taking proper care while processing. Defluoridation process is divided into three basic types depending on the mode of action.

  • Based on chemical reaction with fluoride
  • Based on adsorption process – activated charcoal, processed bone
  • Based on ion exchange process – anion and cation exchange resins

Techniques for the removal of fluoride from drinking water (defluoridation) include:

  • Reverse osmosis filtration: Reverse osmosis filtration is used to remove fluoride from bottled water. So most of the bottled water contains no fluoride. This technique is unaffordable for personal use. In this hydraulic pressure is applied to the concentrated solution to counteract the osmotic pressure. Thereby pure water is separated from the concentrated solution and collected at the bottom stream of the membrane.

  • Activated alumina defluoridation: These filters are used by locale where fluoridation in water is prevalent. These filters are relatively expensive and need to change frequently. It is a better option for home based removal of fluoride from drinking water. In this process, alumina is processed to create pores on it. Then it attracts the fluoride atoms present in the water and forms a large mass. Finally it can be separated from pure water by distillation or sedimentation process.

  • Distillation filtration: It is one of the defluoridation technique for the removal of fluoride from drinking water. These are commercially available distillation filters that can be bought to remove fluorides from drinking water. This technique is reliable, advanced and efficient method for removal of fluoride from water. In this process, fluoride drinking water is taken into the distillation apparatus. Water is heated to form vapor. As the vapor is passed into the condenser, the flow of cooling water reduces the temperature of the vapor and forms liquid droplets. This pure water is separated from the residue and can be used for drinking purpose.

  • Electrolysis: The principle involved in the electrolysis process of defluoridation is adsorption. This process does not require addition of chemicals. In this, fluoride is precipitated with the freshly prepared aluminum hydroxide which is generated by the anodic dissolution of aluminum ions in electro chemical cell. The advantage of this process is it occupies less space and consumes less energy. It does not need any pre and post treatment.

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September 16th, 2014

Things You should Know about Dental Loupes

by Edwin Rosenthal

What is dental loupes?
Dental loupes is a device which is similar to microscope. This device will give a closer look of things. We can consider it as a modified microscope. This device is essential for all dentists day to day. Because even if they miss any tiny crack on the teeth also becomes a big issue in future. By using this dental loupes they will see the tiny cracks and all small parts. A medical practitioner needs tools to confirm the exactness of work. The main object of a dental loupe is to deliver accuracy.

Importance of dental loupes
Dental loupes have good significance, however, dentists should need to concentrate on quality of best dental loupes. If a dentist bearing a low quality loupe then imagine he is not able to recognize the problem. This is a worse situation for a doctor. So while purchasing loupes only we need to focus on high quality of loupes which gives an accurate results. There are many equipments are available in the market.

Choosing the right one is completely depends on our wish. Today, many loupes are available in market. These have been developed by sophisticated technology. Tools having some different features. These are very helpful for dentists. While buying dental loupes we should know about all these features which we need to consider. Some features are:

Dental loupes are known for optical quality, frame quality, expanded visions and transmission of light.
If we buy a dental loupe, along with that we can get some more accessories like neck strap, carry bag, lens covers are possibly a flip paddle which could be sterilized.

PeriOptix makes and sells in form of mounts. Mount function is to securely attaching the loupe to pair of safety glasses. This PeriOptix choice has different types.

Hogies system
This allows direct attachment of a magnifying lenses to a dental loupe. Improvements will available in newer models.

RIMZ frame
This will give a clear visibility and comfort to the dentist.

Mirage supplies
This is a combination of improved longevity and enhanced protection. Ultralight titanium is the light weight loupe which produced by PeriOptix. It weighs less than one ounce.

All these designs and its features by trademarked Optilock technology. It guarantees the quality linked to the PeriOptix name. This is such a large number of dental professionals are using because this is a proof of mixture of functionality and value for money.

Here are some steps to follow while choosing a dental loupes.

  • Choose the correct working distance
  • Look at an object with straight blank lines
  • Check the magnification
  • Check the working distance
  • Check the field and depth of view
  • Compare with the prescription lenses
  • Consider the weight of the loupes

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July 2nd, 2014

Dental Bone Grafting

by Edwin Rosenthal

This procedure is done to restore the lost bone when infected with dental diseases like gum diseases, tooth loss or to increase bone in the patient’s jaw. Tooth loss is the main reason for loose of bone. Through this treatment you can maintain your teeth structure after it is treated with teeth extraction. Dental bone grafting is also called as regenerative surgery.

Common reasons for dental bone grafting:

  • When the person is effected with periodontal disease
  • Infection and dental disease
  • Tooth loss
  • If the dental gum is not enough, not wide or both
  • Injury or trauma

These are the major reasons for loss of bone and these must be treated with dental bone grafting.

What does dental bone grafting involve?
Before you get treated with dental bone grafting you must get treated with scaling and root planning. Along with this you must also take proper care of your teeth.

Before the surgery begins the area that is to be treated will be given anesthesia to numb it. The dentist will separate gums from the teeth were bone grafting has to be done and then it is cleaned thoroughly. Next holes in the bones will be covered with grafting materials such as cadaver bone, your own bone, cow bone and synthetic glasses and finally these are covered with a barrier.

Barriers used here are made of cow and human skins and synthetic materials. Grafting materials now will be kept in the same area and then stitched. This area can be covered by a bandage or dressed. After treatment in next six to nine months a new bone or soft tissue is placed in the area.

Side effects of dental bone grafting:

  • Once you are treated you may have some minor complications like swelling, bleeding
  • Infections may effect your teeth
  • Chance of developing cavities in your teeth
  • Teeth may become sensitive to cold and hot foods

To get rid of these problems you should follow the things that are mentioned below:

  • Have a regular dental check up
  • Don’t touch the treated area
  • Don’t apply pressure on the area which is treated
  • Avoid smoking and other foods that may effect your teeth or jaws
  • It is recommended to use gauze pad to avoid bleeding soon after the treatment
  • Use of ice packs reduces swelling and pain
  • Use antibiotics given by your dentist
  • Oral hygiene is necessary for healthy and long lasting teeth

This will reduce the impact of side effects and will keep your teeth clean and healthy.
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June 23rd, 2014

Benefits Fluoride for Teeth

by Edwin Rosenthal

What is fluoride?
Fluoride is a mineral which is available naturally in most of the foods and in water. Fluoride helps the teeth to strengthen in many ways. Their are multiple benefits of fluoride that every one need to be aware of.

Why fluoride is recommended for teeth?
As said above fluoride is a valuable mineral which is a essential for body and in teeth. Fluoride supplement is necessary for all. Some of the uses of the fluoride are stated below:

  • It helps your teeth enamel strong, resists tooth decay and also it helps to reduce the bacterial infections on your teeth.
  • Children who are at the starting stage of the tooth development are more benefited from the fluoride.
  • The kind of fluoride that you get from the fluoride treatments, tooth pastes is good for the people of all ages as it fights against the tooth diseases like tooth decay and this kind of fluoride is called as “Topical Fluoride”
  • Most cities in the United States add fluoride to their water to avoid such tooth damages.
  • Many Australian countries and organizations like World Health Organization recommends water fluoridation.

Who must take the fluoride treatments?
The people with dry mouth, people with braces, who had radiation therapy done to their neck or head, and whose gums are pulled away from mouth need the fluoride treatment.

Fluoride treatments
There are various kinds of fluoride treatments depending on the condition of your teeth. Treatments are done by dentists or else you can do it yourself. Most dentists make your mouth dry and apply a paint in your mouth or a varnish, gel and foam. You can do it yourself by applying the gels prescribed based on the level of teeth condition.

Effects of over fluoridation
There is a chance of occurring “dental fluorosis” if fluoride intake is more. This is usually seen in the children under the age of seven years during the teeth development stage. So, they should have minimal amount of fluoride supplements.

How can you protect your teeth?

  • Cleaning your teeth regularly with a tooth paste containing fluoride and rinse your mouth. Brush at least twice a day.
  • Having a good diet with fluoride supplements.
  • Dental check up once or twice a moth keeps your teeth healthy.

Most studies show that fluoride is good for teeth and many countries have the fluoride in drinking water. Approximately 300 million people are drinking water containing fluoride.

June 6th, 2014

Foods To Avoid While Having Dental Braces

by Edwin Rosenthal

Orthodontist always recommends a healthy balanced diet for oral health benefits. But sometimes having braces causes dietary adjustments that need to be made in order to protect your braces, and ensure that your treatment goes smoothly. For most situations, common senses will tell you what to avoid while having braces. This is because some food have potential to break or damage the braces completely.

Sticky foods
Sticky foods like caramel, toffies or chewing gums are bad for the teeth and braces. Besides from being sweet these foods are sticky and chewing it will stick to the braces. Any food that sticks and pulls at the teeth should be avoided because these food creates the risk of cavities formation. Some sticky foods include:

  • Caramel chocolates
  • Toffies
  • Chewing gums
  • Candy
  • Hard pretzels

Hard foods
Some foods are too tough to bite with the braces. Biting hard food with braces can bend or break the brace wire. To keep your braces save and to protect them, avoid food that are hard. The food which are hard usually breaks the braces and dis-attaches them from the joint. At times hard foods can be taken by breaking them into small pieces like carrot and apple. Food which come under the hard category are:

  • Apple and carrot
  • Nuts
  • Pizza’s crust
  • Ice-cubes
  • Hard candies

Sugar foods
Sugary foods have the same impact as sticky foods. They get stuck into the tiny space of braces which could lead to the onset of cavities which could further lead to oral injuries. This sugary and starchy food generates plaque acid that can cause tooth decay and promotes gum diseases. Sugary food that becomes lodged between the teeth are harmful to oral health. Food that come under sugary food category are:

  • Cake or pastries
  • Chocolates
  • Ice-creams
  • Sugar candies
  • Sugar cookies
  • Sugary chewing gums

Though braces are orthodontic appliances, they need to be taken proper care. This means eating food that are gentle to the braces should be preferred to avoid the breakage of the brackets and wire. Soft foods are most recommended food for those who wear braces because they are simple and easier to chew.
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April 4th, 2014

Improving the Appearance of Your Teeth

by Edwin Rosenthal

Teeth play an important role in making a person look good (bad) depending on their arrangement, space between teeth, color and shape of the gums. Those who do not have a good appearance of your teeth can go for dental veneers.

Dental veneers are the thin tooth colored shells designed to improve the appearance of your teeth and it also protects the teeth from damages.

Types of dental veneers
Dental veneers to be used for each individual depends on the purpose, cost and affordability. Following are their types.

Non-permanent veneers
These veneers can be removed whenever you want. You can use them at homes. They do not contain any adhesives and are available in market.

Porcelain veneers
Porcelain veneers are made up of porcelain. These are applied on the surface of the front teeth by scratching the enamel on the surface of teeth. These are most commonly used in cases of yellowing, discoloration and spaces between the teeth.

Composite veneers
Composite veneers are made up of thin layers of resin. These are look like natural teeth. These are used to correct the shape of teeth, fractures. These are inexpensive. However, the color of these veneers may fade on time.

Lumineers are similar to porcelain veneers. They are less thinner than porcelain veneers. Lumineers does not require any cutting or filling of teeth.

Davinci veneers
These are similar to lumineers but these are very thin and are long lasting.

MAC veneers
MAC veneers are made up of ceramic material. These are useful in case the teeth are not arranged correctly.

Palatal veneers
Palatal veneers are made up of gold and are used to improve appearance on palatal side of the upper teeth.

Steps involved in wearing of veneers

  • First, the dentist examines the teeth of the patient by taking X-rays.
  • local anesthesia is given to anesthetize the area, if necessary.
  • The dentist scratches the enamel from the surface of the tooth. The thickness of enamel scratched should be equal to the thickness of the veneer to be added.
  • Then, the impressions of the teeth are taken and sent to laboratory to prepare veneer.
  • Once the veneer is prepared, it is placed over the scratched tooth and examines whether the color and the thickness of the veneer is fitted or not.
  • The tooth is cleaned and polished.
  • Bonding of the veneer is done by passing a beam of laser to the applied veneer.
  • Finally the excess veneer is removed and make any adjustments necessary.

Purpose of dental veneers
Dental veneers are used to

  • Correct the chipped and cracked teeth
  • Adjust the gap between the teeth
  • Improve the appearance of teeth

Advantages of dental veneers

  • Durable and long lasting
  • No preparation of tooth is required
  • Quick recovery
  • Resistant to stains
  • Veneers are resistant to cold and hot.

Disadvantages of dental veneers

  • Wearing Veneers is expensive.
  • They may get dislodged while biting hard materials.
  • Veneers may discolor over time.
  • Alteration in natural teeth for wearing veneers

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March 30th, 2014

Factors Responsible for the Success Rate of Dental Implants

by Edwin Rosenthal

Dental implants have a very high success rate because of which many people opt for it to replace their missing and damaged teeth. There are various things that success rate of dental implant depend on, such as site of the implant, type of the implant, implant design, health conditions, age and operator skill.

  • Site of the implant: The success rate of dental implants depends on the position of implant on the jaw bone i.e., upper jaw or lower jaw. If an implant is placed in the lower jaw it has high rate of success and when you move on into the mouth the rate of success decreases gradually. Based on the position of implant, it has a success rate of about 98%.
  • Type of implant: Based on the type of implant materials like stainless steel implants, metallic implants and ceramic implants, the success rate may vary. Stainless steel implants have less chances of success of implant placement as they may brittle. Metallic implants have high chances of success compared to other types of implants.
  • Implant design: The length and internal diameter of the implant should be selected depending on the amount of the jaw bone. Longer implants have high success rate because there will be an increased contact between bone and the implant which leads to increase in the mechanical resistance to the masticatory forces where short implants have less contact with the jaw bone and less resistance to occlusive forces leads to failure of implants.
  • Health condition: Patients health condition and their habitual action also affects the success rate of implants. People with good oral hygiene and enough jaw bone density have high rates of success. Patients with a habit of smoking decreases success rate by 10%. Patients having a habit of drinking, disorders such as thyroid, diabetes, hypertension, renal disorders have less success rate. Patients with mental disorders like depression have high rates of failure as implant adds additional stress on them.
  • Age: Age and gender also influence the implantation rate of success. People above 60 years and children are not suitable for implants. In older persons, changes in the mineral composition of bones and collagen content takes place. Children with growing jaw bone is not suitable for implant placement.
  • Operator skill: Operator’s experience also decides the success rate of implant placement. It is clear that surgeons having an experience of more than 50 implant surgeries have high success rate compared to surgeon having an experience of less than 50 implant surgeries.

Apart from these, design of the prosthesis and time of placement of implant also decides the success rate of implant. Overall we can say that dental implantation is an alternative for people with missing teeth as it has high rate of success.
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