Posts tagged ‘Dental Health’

April 24th, 2015

Tips for Denture Maintenance

by Jonathan Cogley

Removable full or partial dentures require proper care for keeping them free from stains, clean and help them to last longer. Plaque can form on dentures too, just like they do on natural teeth. Failing to remove them daily can make them look less bright and white. It is important to clean your dentures with a brush and soak them in a cleanser solution daily to avoid odor Following are few Dos and Donts for denture maintenance:

  • Handle them with care: Make sure that you don’t damage or bend the plastic or the clasps(fastener) when cleaning.
  • Proper cleaning of dentures after eating: By running water over the dentures remove the food materials or other particles. Place a towel in the sink or on the counter or put some water so that the dentures wont break in case you drop them.
  • Brush your dentures at least twice a day: Clean your dentures by soaking and brushing with a non abrasive cleaner to remove plaque, food and other deposits. in case if you use adhesive for your dentures make sure to clean the grooves fitting against your gums for removing the adhesive remains. Never use denture cleansers inside your mouth.
  • Cleaning of mouth after removing dentures: By using a soft bristled tooth brush make sure that you clean your cheeks, tongue and palate(roof of your mouth).
  • Soak the dentures over night when not used: Dentures need to be remained moist to keep their shape. During nights when they are not put in used soak them either in a mild denture soaking solution or water.
  • Scheduled dental check ups: Visit your dentists to have your dentures examined and cleaned. Dentists can help ensure a perfect fit to prevent discomfort and slippage.
  • Whitening tooth pastes: Tooth pastes that are used aimed for whitening purpose contains abrasives and should be avoided on dentures.
  • Loose dentures can cause sores, infection and other irritation hence see your dentist if u have a loose fit of your dentures.
  • Avoid strong cleansers, harsh tooth paste and stiff bristled brushes for cleaning dentures as they contain abrasive materials.
  • Never use products that has bleaching effect because they weaken the dentures and changes their color. Make sure that you don’t soak dentures that are with metal attachments in chlorinated solutions as it can corrode and tarnish the metal.
  • Avoid boiling or hot water that could distort your dentures.

By following the above mentioned steps helps you to keep your dentures clean and use them for long time. It is important to visit your dentists once every six months and get checked for signs of gum disease or irritation.
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July 2nd, 2014

Dental Bone Grafting

by Edwin Rosenthal

This procedure is done to restore the lost bone when infected with dental diseases like gum diseases, tooth loss or to increase bone in the patient’s jaw. Tooth loss is the main reason for loose of bone. Through this treatment you can maintain your teeth structure after it is treated with teeth extraction. Dental bone grafting is also called as regenerative surgery.

Common reasons for dental bone grafting:

  • When the person is effected with periodontal disease
  • Infection and dental disease
  • Tooth loss
  • If the dental gum is not enough, not wide or both
  • Injury or trauma

These are the major reasons for loss of bone and these must be treated with dental bone grafting.

What does dental bone grafting involve?
Before you get treated with dental bone grafting you must get treated with scaling and root planning. Along with this you must also take proper care of your teeth.

Before the surgery begins the area that is to be treated will be given anesthesia to numb it. The dentist will separate gums from the teeth were bone grafting has to be done and then it is cleaned thoroughly. Next holes in the bones will be covered with grafting materials such as cadaver bone, your own bone, cow bone and synthetic glasses and finally these are covered with a barrier.

Barriers used here are made of cow and human skins and synthetic materials. Grafting materials now will be kept in the same area and then stitched. This area can be covered by a bandage or dressed. After treatment in next six to nine months a new bone or soft tissue is placed in the area.

Side effects of dental bone grafting:

  • Once you are treated you may have some minor complications like swelling, bleeding
  • Infections may effect your teeth
  • Chance of developing cavities in your teeth
  • Teeth may become sensitive to cold and hot foods

To get rid of these problems you should follow the things that are mentioned below:

  • Have a regular dental check up
  • Don’t touch the treated area
  • Don’t apply pressure on the area which is treated
  • Avoid smoking and other foods that may effect your teeth or jaws
  • It is recommended to use gauze pad to avoid bleeding soon after the treatment
  • Use of ice packs reduces swelling and pain
  • Use antibiotics given by your dentist
  • Oral hygiene is necessary for healthy and long lasting teeth

This will reduce the impact of side effects and will keep your teeth clean and healthy.
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June 23rd, 2014

Benefits Fluoride for Teeth

by Edwin Rosenthal

What is fluoride?
Fluoride is a mineral which is available naturally in most of the foods and in water. Fluoride helps the teeth to strengthen in many ways. Their are multiple benefits of fluoride that every one need to be aware of.

Why fluoride is recommended for teeth?
As said above fluoride is a valuable mineral which is a essential for body and in teeth. Fluoride supplement is necessary for all. Some of the uses of the fluoride are stated below:

  • It helps your teeth enamel strong, resists tooth decay and also it helps to reduce the bacterial infections on your teeth.
  • Children who are at the starting stage of the tooth development are more benefited from the fluoride.
  • The kind of fluoride that you get from the fluoride treatments, tooth pastes is good for the people of all ages as it fights against the tooth diseases like tooth decay and this kind of fluoride is called as “Topical Fluoride”
  • Most cities in the United States add fluoride to their water to avoid such tooth damages.
  • Many Australian countries and organizations like World Health Organization recommends water fluoridation.

Who must take the fluoride treatments?
The people with dry mouth, people with braces, who had radiation therapy done to their neck or head, and whose gums are pulled away from mouth need the fluoride treatment.

Fluoride treatments
There are various kinds of fluoride treatments depending on the condition of your teeth. Treatments are done by dentists or else you can do it yourself. Most dentists make your mouth dry and apply a paint in your mouth or a varnish, gel and foam. You can do it yourself by applying the gels prescribed based on the level of teeth condition.

Effects of over fluoridation
There is a chance of occurring “dental fluorosis” if fluoride intake is more. This is usually seen in the children under the age of seven years during the teeth development stage. So, they should have minimal amount of fluoride supplements.

How can you protect your teeth?

  • Cleaning your teeth regularly with a tooth paste containing fluoride and rinse your mouth. Brush at least twice a day.
  • Having a good diet with fluoride supplements.
  • Dental check up once or twice a moth keeps your teeth healthy.

Most studies show that fluoride is good for teeth and many countries have the fluoride in drinking water. Approximately 300 million people are drinking water containing fluoride.

June 6th, 2014

Foods To Avoid While Having Dental Braces

by Edwin Rosenthal

Orthodontist always recommends a healthy balanced diet for oral health benefits. But sometimes having braces causes dietary adjustments that need to be made in order to protect your braces, and ensure that your treatment goes smoothly. For most situations, common senses will tell you what to avoid while having braces. This is because some food have potential to break or damage the braces completely.

Sticky foods
Sticky foods like caramel, toffies or chewing gums are bad for the teeth and braces. Besides from being sweet these foods are sticky and chewing it will stick to the braces. Any food that sticks and pulls at the teeth should be avoided because these food creates the risk of cavities formation. Some sticky foods include:

  • Caramel chocolates
  • Toffies
  • Chewing gums
  • Candy
  • Hard pretzels

Hard foods
Some foods are too tough to bite with the braces. Biting hard food with braces can bend or break the brace wire. To keep your braces save and to protect them, avoid food that are hard. The food which are hard usually breaks the braces and dis-attaches them from the joint. At times hard foods can be taken by breaking them into small pieces like carrot and apple. Food which come under the hard category are:

  • Apple and carrot
  • Nuts
  • Pizza’s crust
  • Ice-cubes
  • Hard candies

Sugar foods
Sugary foods have the same impact as sticky foods. They get stuck into the tiny space of braces which could lead to the onset of cavities which could further lead to oral injuries. This sugary and starchy food generates plaque acid that can cause tooth decay and promotes gum diseases. Sugary food that becomes lodged between the teeth are harmful to oral health. Food that come under sugary food category are:

  • Cake or pastries
  • Chocolates
  • Ice-creams
  • Sugar candies
  • Sugar cookies
  • Sugary chewing gums

Though braces are orthodontic appliances, they need to be taken proper care. This means eating food that are gentle to the braces should be preferred to avoid the breakage of the brackets and wire. Soft foods are most recommended food for those who wear braces because they are simple and easier to chew.
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April 4th, 2014

Improving the Appearance of Your Teeth

by Edwin Rosenthal

Teeth play an important role in making a person look good (bad) depending on their arrangement, space between teeth, color and shape of the gums. Those who do not have a good appearance of your teeth can go for dental veneers.

Dental veneers are the thin tooth colored shells designed to improve the appearance of your teeth and it also protects the teeth from damages.

Types of dental veneers
Dental veneers to be used for each individual depends on the purpose, cost and affordability. Following are their types.

Non-permanent veneers
These veneers can be removed whenever you want. You can use them at homes. They do not contain any adhesives and are available in market.

Porcelain veneers
Porcelain veneers are made up of porcelain. These are applied on the surface of the front teeth by scratching the enamel on the surface of teeth. These are most commonly used in cases of yellowing, discoloration and spaces between the teeth.

Composite veneers
Composite veneers are made up of thin layers of resin. These are look like natural teeth. These are used to correct the shape of teeth, fractures. These are inexpensive. However, the color of these veneers may fade on time.

Lumineers
Lumineers are similar to porcelain veneers. They are less thinner than porcelain veneers. Lumineers does not require any cutting or filling of teeth.

Davinci veneers
These are similar to lumineers but these are very thin and are long lasting.

MAC veneers
MAC veneers are made up of ceramic material. These are useful in case the teeth are not arranged correctly.

Palatal veneers
Palatal veneers are made up of gold and are used to improve appearance on palatal side of the upper teeth.

Steps involved in wearing of veneers

  • First, the dentist examines the teeth of the patient by taking X-rays.
  • local anesthesia is given to anesthetize the area, if necessary.
  • The dentist scratches the enamel from the surface of the tooth. The thickness of enamel scratched should be equal to the thickness of the veneer to be added.
  • Then, the impressions of the teeth are taken and sent to laboratory to prepare veneer.
  • Once the veneer is prepared, it is placed over the scratched tooth and examines whether the color and the thickness of the veneer is fitted or not.
  • The tooth is cleaned and polished.
  • Bonding of the veneer is done by passing a beam of laser to the applied veneer.
  • Finally the excess veneer is removed and make any adjustments necessary.

Purpose of dental veneers
Dental veneers are used to

  • Correct the chipped and cracked teeth
  • Adjust the gap between the teeth
  • Improve the appearance of teeth

Advantages of dental veneers

  • Durable and long lasting
  • No preparation of tooth is required
  • Quick recovery
  • Resistant to stains
  • Veneers are resistant to cold and hot.

Disadvantages of dental veneers

  • Wearing Veneers is expensive.
  • They may get dislodged while biting hard materials.
  • Veneers may discolor over time.
  • Alteration in natural teeth for wearing veneers

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March 30th, 2014

Factors Responsible for the Success Rate of Dental Implants

by Edwin Rosenthal

Dental implants have a very high success rate because of which many people opt for it to replace their missing and damaged teeth. There are various things that success rate of dental implant depend on, such as site of the implant, type of the implant, implant design, health conditions, age and operator skill.

  • Site of the implant: The success rate of dental implants depends on the position of implant on the jaw bone i.e., upper jaw or lower jaw. If an implant is placed in the lower jaw it has high rate of success and when you move on into the mouth the rate of success decreases gradually. Based on the position of implant, it has a success rate of about 98%.
  • Type of implant: Based on the type of implant materials like stainless steel implants, metallic implants and ceramic implants, the success rate may vary. Stainless steel implants have less chances of success of implant placement as they may brittle. Metallic implants have high chances of success compared to other types of implants.
  • Implant design: The length and internal diameter of the implant should be selected depending on the amount of the jaw bone. Longer implants have high success rate because there will be an increased contact between bone and the implant which leads to increase in the mechanical resistance to the masticatory forces where short implants have less contact with the jaw bone and less resistance to occlusive forces leads to failure of implants.
  • Health condition: Patients health condition and their habitual action also affects the success rate of implants. People with good oral hygiene and enough jaw bone density have high rates of success. Patients with a habit of smoking decreases success rate by 10%. Patients having a habit of drinking, disorders such as thyroid, diabetes, hypertension, renal disorders have less success rate. Patients with mental disorders like depression have high rates of failure as implant adds additional stress on them.
  • Age: Age and gender also influence the implantation rate of success. People above 60 years and children are not suitable for implants. In older persons, changes in the mineral composition of bones and collagen content takes place. Children with growing jaw bone is not suitable for implant placement.
  • Operator skill: Operator’s experience also decides the success rate of implant placement. It is clear that surgeons having an experience of more than 50 implant surgeries have high success rate compared to surgeon having an experience of less than 50 implant surgeries.

Apart from these, design of the prosthesis and time of placement of implant also decides the success rate of implant. Overall we can say that dental implantation is an alternative for people with missing teeth as it has high rate of success.
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March 21st, 2014

Effects of Poor Oral Health on Overall Health

by Dov Waxman

You understand that poor oral health can cause tooth decay and other dental problems, but do you know that poor oral health can also cause serious health problems? Many oral problems such as gum diseases in which the bone that supports teeth gets affected and if left untreated, it can contribute to serious health conditions that includes heart disease, diabetes, mental health problems and pregnancy complications.
In this article, we will discuss the effects of poor oral health on overall health.

1) Heart disease
If you are suffering from periodontal disease (advanced stage of gum disease), the bacteria can enter in the blood stream traveling in the arteries in the heart that leads to the condition known as atherosclerosis (hardening of arteries) which decreases or may also block the blood flow to the body which increases the risk of heart disease or stroke.

2) Diabetes
According to the research, periodontal disease somehow can affect the body’s metabolism and contributes to the development of a condition known as pre-diabetes in which the sugar levels are higher than the normal. Moreover, people suffering from diabetes are also more susceptible to periodontal disease.

3) Pregnancy complications
Studies show that pregnant women with gum disease are at higher risk of delivering pre-term babies, low birth weight babies than women without periodontitis. Periodontal therapy help in reduces the risk of preterm deliveries.

4) Mental health problems
It is common that stress and anxiety impact your health negatively. But according to the research, there is a strong relationship between oral health and mental health. Stress, anxiety, depression and loneliness causes your body to produce more of a hormone cortisol which in long term can aid to the progression of periodontal disease.

5) Alzheimer’s disease
This disease is affecting many people today. Patient who suffer from gingivitis (initial stage of gum disease), the bacteria may enter the brain either through the blood stream or the nerve channels in the head that might lead to the development of Alzheimer disease, a condition in which people lose their memory.

6) Respiratory infections
The Journals of Periodontology warns that gum disease can cause respiratory infections. Although the reason is not so obvious, but think of what happens when breathing in bacteria from the infected teeth and gums for longer period of time.
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March 7th, 2014

How To Keep Your Kid’s (Infant) Teeth healthy?

by Debbie Harry

Maintaining your kid’s teeth healthy from the infant stage helps you avoid the dental problems in future. Healthy teeth can be maintained by brushing teeth regularly.

How to keep your kid’s teeth healthy?
At the Infant stage:

  • Before teeth appear, The gums should be cleaned with a wet soft cloth. This removes the plaques in the surface of the gum which leads to the decay problems.
  • As soon as tooth appear, brush the teeth with water. Do not use tooth pastes.

By the age of 2 years:

  • By the age of two years, start brushing the teeth with a soft bristled tooth paste.
  • Brush twice a day for 2 minutes. Once at bed time and before breakfast.
  • Use a fluoridated tooth paste to clean the surface of the teeth.
  • A pea sized amount of tooth paste is enough for brushing.
  • Make sure that your child is not eating the tooth paste.
  • After brushing ask them to spit, so they do not swallow the froth.
  • Always use a good quality nylon soft bristle tooth brush and make sure that the head of tooth brush should be small.
  • Change the brush once in every 3-4 months.
  • Once all the teeth appear and the teeth are touches to each other. Floss the teeth weekly once.
  • Do not rinse the mouth much with water. It removes the fluoride content from the teeth and does not work effectively.
  • Do not a put a bottle of juice or sugary liquid during bed time. Baby may fall asleep with the bottle in the mouth. This causes the exposure of teeth to the liquid leads to dental decay and discoloration of teeth
  • Avoid sugary juices. Most of the people think that juices are healthy but continuous consumption of juices causes tooth decay and obesity.
  • Sticky foods should be avoided. This may clog into the teeth leads to tooth decay problems.
  • Always wear a mouth guard when playing outdoor games.
  • Drinking more water makes children healthy. This helps to remove any food particles clog in the mouth.
  • Take your child to the dentist for regular checkup.
  • Balanced diet also helps in the maintenance of healthy teeth. Calcium containing food helps the teeth become stronger.

Oral hygiene can be maintained by brushing twice daily. This helps prevent dental problems in future and teeth become more healthy.

February 6th, 2014

Tips for Preventing Tooth Decay in Children

by Debbie Harry

Children are susceptible to dental decay. When consuming sugary or starchy food, bacteria in the mouth live to use these kinds of foods, which lead to forming acid. Then this acid attacks the tooth/teeth enamel, gradually dissolving the layers of tooth/teeth. This process is called as decaying of tooth/teeth.

Parents should teach children the basics of oral hygiene in their early childhood age. This helps shape good habit patterns and they continue even when they grow up which contributes to their overall health and wellbeing. This article contains some tips for preventing tooth decay in children.

1) Take good care of baby’s teeth

  • 0 – 12 months: Keep your baby’s mouth clean by wiping the gums gently with soft cloth. As soon as the first tooth erupts, brush gently with a soft baby toothbrush and water.
  • 12 – 24 months: Brush your child’s teeth twice daily. Ask the dentist about the fluoride toothpaste and when using toothpaste for your child, pea size amount of toothpaste should be applied.

2) Make sure that your child never goes to bed with bottle
Never make your child go to bed with a bottle of milk, juice or any sugary drink, as this practice will make your child’s teeth exposed to sugar thus forming cavities. Apart from this, there is also a risk of choking and ear infections.

3) As soon as possible, teach your child to drink milk in regular cup
This habit should be introduced to your child from the age of 12-15 months, as drinking with cup is less likely to cause collecting liquid around the teeth. Moreover, cups cannot be taken to bed.

4) Avoid sugary or sticky food
Do not let your child to eat too much of sweets as it is very bad for the teeth. Avoid sticky food like candies, gummies, fruit rolls and cookies. These foods tend to stay on teeth for long time and there is a greater risk of tooth decay.

5) Check for fluoride in the water
Fluoride, a natural mineral that helps in making teeth healthy and strong is added to drinking water for reducing the risk of tooth decay. Get the sample of sample of drinking water tested for knowing the fluoride content.

If your water does not have enough fluoride, your dentist will prescribe fluoride toothpaste or supplements especially if your child is at high risk of tooth decay.

It is recommended by the dentist that parents should have their kids first dental visit as soon as his/her first tooth erupts in order to ensure good oral health.
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November 5th, 2013

Importance of Vitamin D in Oral Health

by Debbie Harry

Studies show vitamin D acts as a resistant to dental caries. Researchers found very less incidence of tooth cavities in the children who are more exposed to sunlight than those who are not so. Sunlight is a natural source of vitamin D. This vitamin is essential as it helps in absorbing calcium from the food we eat. If vitamin D intake is low, calcium absorption is lower and the bones and teeth become weak.

Importance of Vitamin D in oral health
Vitamin D is important in order to make calcium useful to the body. Without vitamin D, calcium cannot get absorbed as vitamin D helps calcium absorbed from food we eat. The following points make you understand the importance of vitamin D in oral health.

Vitamin D and periodontal disease
Periodontal disease, an advanced stage of gum disease leads to weakening of jawbone that supports teeth. This results in bleeding and swelling of gums, which can even lead to tooth loss. Vitamin D is very important as it helps in keeping teeth attached to their sockets. People who have deficiency of vitamin D are more likely to have periodontal disease. This is because, vitamin D in early stage of gum disease helps in reducing gum swelling as it causes anti-swelling effects, and thus reduces the chances of disease getting worse.

Vitamin D and strong teeth
Most of the calcium present in bones and teeth is in moving state. If the calcium level is low, it gets reabsorbed in blood and is put back in teeth and bones if the levels are high. This entire mechanism is regulated by vitamin D. It is for this reason that vitamin D is important to make calcium effective.

Vitamin D and kids’ teeth
There are fewer tooth cavities in children who get enough vitamin D. Children need more calcium for growth and development of strong teeth and bones. Without vitamin D, calcium is unable to play its role effectively. Lower level of vitamin D in children can even lead to improper development of tooth enamel.

Thus vitamin D plays an important role in maintaining your oral health. See physicians if need be in case you are going to use vitamin D supplements. read more »