Posts tagged ‘Dental Care’

April 16th, 2015

Bad Breath: Causes & Simple Tips to Freshen Breath

by Jonathan Cogley

Bad breath is also known as halitosis which is usually caused by many factors. It can be caused by bacteria that feed over the food particles and other debris that sticks to the teeth or dentures. In this article main causes for bad breath and few tips to re-freshen the breath are mentioned.

Causes of bad breath
Bad breath is caused by various factors. The following are 5 main causes of bad breath:

  • Crypts in tonsils: Tonsils present in throat contain deep holes called crypts and in case if they are very wide and pitted some substance gets in to these holes and smells cheese like. This may be one of the reason for bad breath.
  • Bad habits: Bad habits like chewing tobacco, smoking leads to bad breath as they leave an offensive taste and smell in your mouth
  • Presence of bacteria inside mouth: bacteria usually breed inside your mouth where they hide between your teeth and cover all over your tongue. When these bacteria hibernate they release bad odors and toxins.
  • Pungent foods: Foods such as garlic, onion and fish can cause bad breath even hours after brushing of teeth.
  • Gastrointestinal(GI) problems: Few GI problems like ulcer causes bad breath while burping.

Tips to freshen your breath
Following are few tips to freshen up your breath:

  • Floss atleast once a day for fresh breath: Flossing removes the hidden food particles and plaque, which is a layer of bacteria that forms over the tooth. It also helps to prevent from periodontal disease which is another major cause for bad breath.
  • Brushing teeth and cleaning your tongue helps to get rid of bad breath: Brush atleast twice a day with a flouride tooth paste both the teeth and tongue which helps in removing bacteria which is responsible for bad breath.
  • Check for infections and get treated: bad breath may be caused if a person have sinus infection hence diagnosing them early and getting treated may prevent person from bad breath.
  • Gargle with peroxide mouth wash: if excess plaque is present go gargling with any antimicrobial mouth wash with peroxide present in it. The oxygen present in the peroxide kills the bad bacteria present in mouth which causes bad breath.
  • Keep yourself hydrated: staying hydrated by drinking plenty of fluids is required to get rid of bad breath because lack of fluids leads to dry mouth which finally leads to bad breath.
  • Chew gum to eradicate bad breath: chewing gum helps to salivate in case of dry mouth where the saliva washes away the bacteria present in your mouth.

The above information provides some of the few causes for bad breath and few simple daily tips to be followed to get rid of it.
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July 2nd, 2014

Dental Bone Grafting

by Edwin Rosenthal

This procedure is done to restore the lost bone when infected with dental diseases like gum diseases, tooth loss or to increase bone in the patient’s jaw. Tooth loss is the main reason for loose of bone. Through this treatment you can maintain your teeth structure after it is treated with teeth extraction. Dental bone grafting is also called as regenerative surgery.

Common reasons for dental bone grafting:

  • When the person is effected with periodontal disease
  • Infection and dental disease
  • Tooth loss
  • If the dental gum is not enough, not wide or both
  • Injury or trauma

These are the major reasons for loss of bone and these must be treated with dental bone grafting.

What does dental bone grafting involve?
Before you get treated with dental bone grafting you must get treated with scaling and root planning. Along with this you must also take proper care of your teeth.

Before the surgery begins the area that is to be treated will be given anesthesia to numb it. The dentist will separate gums from the teeth were bone grafting has to be done and then it is cleaned thoroughly. Next holes in the bones will be covered with grafting materials such as cadaver bone, your own bone, cow bone and synthetic glasses and finally these are covered with a barrier.

Barriers used here are made of cow and human skins and synthetic materials. Grafting materials now will be kept in the same area and then stitched. This area can be covered by a bandage or dressed. After treatment in next six to nine months a new bone or soft tissue is placed in the area.

Side effects of dental bone grafting:

  • Once you are treated you may have some minor complications like swelling, bleeding
  • Infections may effect your teeth
  • Chance of developing cavities in your teeth
  • Teeth may become sensitive to cold and hot foods

To get rid of these problems you should follow the things that are mentioned below:

  • Have a regular dental check up
  • Don’t touch the treated area
  • Don’t apply pressure on the area which is treated
  • Avoid smoking and other foods that may effect your teeth or jaws
  • It is recommended to use gauze pad to avoid bleeding soon after the treatment
  • Use of ice packs reduces swelling and pain
  • Use antibiotics given by your dentist
  • Oral hygiene is necessary for healthy and long lasting teeth

This will reduce the impact of side effects and will keep your teeth clean and healthy.
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June 23rd, 2014

Benefits Fluoride for Teeth

by Edwin Rosenthal

What is fluoride?
Fluoride is a mineral which is available naturally in most of the foods and in water. Fluoride helps the teeth to strengthen in many ways. Their are multiple benefits of fluoride that every one need to be aware of.

Why fluoride is recommended for teeth?
As said above fluoride is a valuable mineral which is a essential for body and in teeth. Fluoride supplement is necessary for all. Some of the uses of the fluoride are stated below:

  • It helps your teeth enamel strong, resists tooth decay and also it helps to reduce the bacterial infections on your teeth.
  • Children who are at the starting stage of the tooth development are more benefited from the fluoride.
  • The kind of fluoride that you get from the fluoride treatments, tooth pastes is good for the people of all ages as it fights against the tooth diseases like tooth decay and this kind of fluoride is called as “Topical Fluoride”
  • Most cities in the United States add fluoride to their water to avoid such tooth damages.
  • Many Australian countries and organizations like World Health Organization recommends water fluoridation.

Who must take the fluoride treatments?
The people with dry mouth, people with braces, who had radiation therapy done to their neck or head, and whose gums are pulled away from mouth need the fluoride treatment.

Fluoride treatments
There are various kinds of fluoride treatments depending on the condition of your teeth. Treatments are done by dentists or else you can do it yourself. Most dentists make your mouth dry and apply a paint in your mouth or a varnish, gel and foam. You can do it yourself by applying the gels prescribed based on the level of teeth condition.

Effects of over fluoridation
There is a chance of occurring “dental fluorosis” if fluoride intake is more. This is usually seen in the children under the age of seven years during the teeth development stage. So, they should have minimal amount of fluoride supplements.

How can you protect your teeth?

  • Cleaning your teeth regularly with a tooth paste containing fluoride and rinse your mouth. Brush at least twice a day.
  • Having a good diet with fluoride supplements.
  • Dental check up once or twice a moth keeps your teeth healthy.

Most studies show that fluoride is good for teeth and many countries have the fluoride in drinking water. Approximately 300 million people are drinking water containing fluoride.

June 6th, 2014

Foods To Avoid While Having Dental Braces

by Edwin Rosenthal

Orthodontist always recommends a healthy balanced diet for oral health benefits. But sometimes having braces causes dietary adjustments that need to be made in order to protect your braces, and ensure that your treatment goes smoothly. For most situations, common senses will tell you what to avoid while having braces. This is because some food have potential to break or damage the braces completely.

Sticky foods
Sticky foods like caramel, toffies or chewing gums are bad for the teeth and braces. Besides from being sweet these foods are sticky and chewing it will stick to the braces. Any food that sticks and pulls at the teeth should be avoided because these food creates the risk of cavities formation. Some sticky foods include:

  • Caramel chocolates
  • Toffies
  • Chewing gums
  • Candy
  • Hard pretzels

Hard foods
Some foods are too tough to bite with the braces. Biting hard food with braces can bend or break the brace wire. To keep your braces save and to protect them, avoid food that are hard. The food which are hard usually breaks the braces and dis-attaches them from the joint. At times hard foods can be taken by breaking them into small pieces like carrot and apple. Food which come under the hard category are:

  • Apple and carrot
  • Nuts
  • Pizza’s crust
  • Ice-cubes
  • Hard candies

Sugar foods
Sugary foods have the same impact as sticky foods. They get stuck into the tiny space of braces which could lead to the onset of cavities which could further lead to oral injuries. This sugary and starchy food generates plaque acid that can cause tooth decay and promotes gum diseases. Sugary food that becomes lodged between the teeth are harmful to oral health. Food that come under sugary food category are:

  • Cake or pastries
  • Chocolates
  • Ice-creams
  • Sugar candies
  • Sugar cookies
  • Sugary chewing gums

Though braces are orthodontic appliances, they need to be taken proper care. This means eating food that are gentle to the braces should be preferred to avoid the breakage of the brackets and wire. Soft foods are most recommended food for those who wear braces because they are simple and easier to chew.
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April 4th, 2014

Improving the Appearance of Your Teeth

by Edwin Rosenthal

Teeth play an important role in making a person look good (bad) depending on their arrangement, space between teeth, color and shape of the gums. Those who do not have a good appearance of your teeth can go for dental veneers.

Dental veneers are the thin tooth colored shells designed to improve the appearance of your teeth and it also protects the teeth from damages.

Types of dental veneers
Dental veneers to be used for each individual depends on the purpose, cost and affordability. Following are their types.

Non-permanent veneers
These veneers can be removed whenever you want. You can use them at homes. They do not contain any adhesives and are available in market.

Porcelain veneers
Porcelain veneers are made up of porcelain. These are applied on the surface of the front teeth by scratching the enamel on the surface of teeth. These are most commonly used in cases of yellowing, discoloration and spaces between the teeth.

Composite veneers
Composite veneers are made up of thin layers of resin. These are look like natural teeth. These are used to correct the shape of teeth, fractures. These are inexpensive. However, the color of these veneers may fade on time.

Lumineers are similar to porcelain veneers. They are less thinner than porcelain veneers. Lumineers does not require any cutting or filling of teeth.

Davinci veneers
These are similar to lumineers but these are very thin and are long lasting.

MAC veneers
MAC veneers are made up of ceramic material. These are useful in case the teeth are not arranged correctly.

Palatal veneers
Palatal veneers are made up of gold and are used to improve appearance on palatal side of the upper teeth.

Steps involved in wearing of veneers

  • First, the dentist examines the teeth of the patient by taking X-rays.
  • local anesthesia is given to anesthetize the area, if necessary.
  • The dentist scratches the enamel from the surface of the tooth. The thickness of enamel scratched should be equal to the thickness of the veneer to be added.
  • Then, the impressions of the teeth are taken and sent to laboratory to prepare veneer.
  • Once the veneer is prepared, it is placed over the scratched tooth and examines whether the color and the thickness of the veneer is fitted or not.
  • The tooth is cleaned and polished.
  • Bonding of the veneer is done by passing a beam of laser to the applied veneer.
  • Finally the excess veneer is removed and make any adjustments necessary.

Purpose of dental veneers
Dental veneers are used to

  • Correct the chipped and cracked teeth
  • Adjust the gap between the teeth
  • Improve the appearance of teeth

Advantages of dental veneers

  • Durable and long lasting
  • No preparation of tooth is required
  • Quick recovery
  • Resistant to stains
  • Veneers are resistant to cold and hot.

Disadvantages of dental veneers

  • Wearing Veneers is expensive.
  • They may get dislodged while biting hard materials.
  • Veneers may discolor over time.
  • Alteration in natural teeth for wearing veneers

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March 11th, 2014

Care after Wisdom Tooth Surgery

by Debbie Harry

As with other surgical procedure, post operative care is very essential. Unnecessary complications like infection, swelling and pain can be avoided if instructions are carefully followed. In this article, we will discuss how to care should be taken following wisdom tooth extraction.

  • A gauze pad is placed where surgery has been done. It needs to be replaced every 40-45 minutes until you bleeding slows down.
  • Touching of surgical area should be avoided. This action can remove the blood clot and initiate bleeding.
  • Take medications as prescribed especially painkillers. Don’t wait till you start feeling pain.
  • Restrict your activities and resume back to your regular activities when you feel normal.

Care when bleeding occurs
Certain amount of bleeding is normal for first 24 hours. Slight redness or bleeding in saliva is common. To prevent excessive bleeding, the surgeon puts pressure by placing a gauze pad on the surgical area. It should be replaced every 40-45 minutes. If bleeding continues for more than 24 hours, contact your dentist.

Care when you have swelling
Swelling is normal following surgery. To reduce swelling, apply an icepack or a towel filled with ice cubes on the cheek on the area of the surgery. Continue applying ice for 36 – 48 hours.

Care when you feel pain
Pain and discomfort is part of any surgical procedure. Take painkillers as prescribed by your dentist. Do not wait until the local anesthesia wears off.

Diet following surgery
Switch to soft diet for a couple of days. Drink plenty of liquids, like water, fruit juice, milk etc. Avoid using straw, as this will put pressure on the surgical area. Do not take hot foods or liquids. You can return to your normal diet when you feel normal or unless your dentist advises.

Oral hygiene
Good oral hygiene is essential for better healing. You can start brushing your teeth from the next day after surgery, but take care when brushing the tooth next to surgical area. Rinse your mouth with warm salt water at least 2-3 times a day. This will help to heal soon.

Make sure to contact your dentist if swelling, bleeding and pain do not subside or become worse.
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March 7th, 2014

How To Keep Your Kid’s (Infant) Teeth healthy?

by Debbie Harry

Maintaining your kid’s teeth healthy from the infant stage helps you avoid the dental problems in future. Healthy teeth can be maintained by brushing teeth regularly.

How to keep your kid’s teeth healthy?
At the Infant stage:

  • Before teeth appear, The gums should be cleaned with a wet soft cloth. This removes the plaques in the surface of the gum which leads to the decay problems.
  • As soon as tooth appear, brush the teeth with water. Do not use tooth pastes.

By the age of 2 years:

  • By the age of two years, start brushing the teeth with a soft bristled tooth paste.
  • Brush twice a day for 2 minutes. Once at bed time and before breakfast.
  • Use a fluoridated tooth paste to clean the surface of the teeth.
  • A pea sized amount of tooth paste is enough for brushing.
  • Make sure that your child is not eating the tooth paste.
  • After brushing ask them to spit, so they do not swallow the froth.
  • Always use a good quality nylon soft bristle tooth brush and make sure that the head of tooth brush should be small.
  • Change the brush once in every 3-4 months.
  • Once all the teeth appear and the teeth are touches to each other. Floss the teeth weekly once.
  • Do not rinse the mouth much with water. It removes the fluoride content from the teeth and does not work effectively.
  • Do not a put a bottle of juice or sugary liquid during bed time. Baby may fall asleep with the bottle in the mouth. This causes the exposure of teeth to the liquid leads to dental decay and discoloration of teeth
  • Avoid sugary juices. Most of the people think that juices are healthy but continuous consumption of juices causes tooth decay and obesity.
  • Sticky foods should be avoided. This may clog into the teeth leads to tooth decay problems.
  • Always wear a mouth guard when playing outdoor games.
  • Drinking more water makes children healthy. This helps to remove any food particles clog in the mouth.
  • Take your child to the dentist for regular checkup.
  • Balanced diet also helps in the maintenance of healthy teeth. Calcium containing food helps the teeth become stronger.

Oral hygiene can be maintained by brushing twice daily. This helps prevent dental problems in future and teeth become more healthy.

March 4th, 2013

What is Laser Dentistry and Benefits?

by Jonathan Cogley

This is an effective way to perform many dental procedures. This uses a high technology laser device to generate a specific beam of concentrated light. This light focuses energy into your mouth that can remove the gum infection and also remove the areas of the tooth decay with the high level of accuracy. This laser beam sterilizes and cauterizes the affected areas so that the pain, bleeding, and the chance of infection are reduced. Of course, now a days only 5 percent of the dentist use this laser dentistry but it helps to improve precision of your treatment and also minimize the recovery time.

This is an effective way to perform many dental procedures. This is to improve the dental procedure which will rest in the dentist ability to control the power of the output and the duration of the exposure on the tissue, which is by allowing for the treatments without damaging the surrounding tissues with a high specific area focusing. Thus, if you are an anxious dental candidate who is seeking for the comfort and extreme safety then you have to look for the dentist who is incorporated the laser dentistry techniques into their treatments or practices.

Benefits of Laser Dentistry:

  • Some laser dentistry procedures do not require anesthesia
  • Laser dentistry reduces damage to the surrounding tissue
  • It heals the wound faster and the tissues can be regenerated
  • With the help of high energy light beam, it will give minimal bleeding
  • As the light beam sterilizes the area it will minimize the bacterial infections
  • The procedures performing by using the soft tissue dental lasers may not require stitches.
February 24th, 2012

How to Handle Pain While Wearing Braces?

by Andrew Veazey

A patient with braces in orthodontic treatment can get pains whenever he or she visits to the orthodontist for braces tightening, adjusting or fixing it but brace tightening is a daunting task and gives you hours of pain regardless of your first time sitting or last time sitting. It is so painful that it gives headache, rashes on gums, irritation to the teeth. In order to minimize the pain as much as possible, follow the following instructions.

  • Rinse your mouth with warm salt water which gives relief from pain because of natural healing properties.
  • Pain relievers suggested by orthodontist also help you in relieving the pain.
  • Ice product is the best one which is suitable for numbing the painful area and relax you for some time.
  • Try to distract yourself by having or involving in the another activity.
  • Anbesol and orajel helps in making your mouth dumb by which you can temporarily relieve your pain.
  • Using dental wax on your brackets (braces) also helps you in preventing pain.
  • Try toothpaste that reduces the pain for some time.

Prevention is the best way in order to avoid pain. However if you feel it unbearable with the pain caused by tightening the brace, immediately consult the orthodontist. read more »