Posts tagged ‘Substance abuse’

January 23rd, 2012

Multi-panel Drug test Cups – Know How to Use

by Andrew Veazey

Multi-panel drug test cups involve a one step immunoassay process for the qualitative detection of multiple drugs and drug metabolites in human urine. These cups work on the principle of competitive immunoassay-chemical reaction between a drug protein conjugate present in the device, and the drug or drug metabolites which may present in the sample. Compared to the drug test strips, these cups are much helpful as they avoid the inconvenience of spilling of the sample and also eases the work of drug testing. Let us see how to use these drug test cups for detecting the drug abuse.

  • If the drug testing kit or the specimen or any of the testing apparatus is stored in a refrigerator, they should be pulled out and allow them to come to room temperature before testing.
  • Don’t open the sealed pouch until you are ready to perform the test.
  • Once the person is ready to give the sample and everything is arranged, remove the test cup from the sealed pouch.
  • Now give the cup to the individual to be tested and ask him to get the sample. Also make sure that it is above the minimum level.
  • Ask him to return immediately once the specimen is collected as the results should be read within 5 minutes.
  • Once the cup is with you, remove the tear-off label and read the results.
  • The test results can be read by comparing the color of the reagent pads to the corresponding blocks on the Color Chart at the indicated time.
  • Do not read the results after 10 minutes, try to read them in 5 minutes to get accurate results.

If the sample is adulterated it results in abnormal color response and a proper, unadulterated sample will always produce normal color response.

Two colored lines each in the Test region(T) and Control region(C) indicate negative results and a single colored line in the C region indicates positive results. If there is only one line in the T region, then the test is invalid. read more »

November 25th, 2011

Tips to Avoid Negative Peer Pressure and Substance Abuse

by Andrew Veazey

In addition to many other reasons for the habit of substance abuse among peers, negative peer pressure is the another reason contributing to it. Teens, more often of same age and professional group, face negative peer pressure and get influenced to use illegal drugs. However, it is very important to get out of it to avoid any dangerous effects of substance abuse in personal and social life. Here are some tips to avoid negative peer pressure for substance abuse.

Spend most of your time with positive role models. This helps to encourage you to make right choices in life. Also, make sure that you avoid friendship and contacts with those who have destructive behavior like substance abuse. Stay away from the parties arranged by such people. Or simply say no to them when they force you to take drugs or alcohol.

Self-esteem and self-confidence is the most important thing you need to develop to avoid negative peer pressure. Make yourself confident that you will not have drugs at any circumstances. Set up certain goals and achieve them to boost your self-esteem. It is often found that teens with less self-confidence are more likely to get addicted to illicit drugs. Parental help has a great role to combat negative peer pressure. Maintain an open communication with your parents and discuss any issues with respect to peer pressure. Take suggestions from them and try to follow though they seem to be difficult at initial stages. Also, remember that if you are too judgmental or react badly with parents, it is quite difficult for them to change your negative behavior.

Gain knowledge on the negative effects of substance abuse. Educate yourself about the health dangers of unhealthy habits like substance abuse, drinking and smoking. Understand the risks associated with substance abuse and their legal consequences. These tips may help you to prevent yourself from taking drugs in spite of your friends’ pressure.

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November 25th, 2011

Importance of Intervention for Alcoholism and Drug Addiction

by Andrew Veazey

Individuals addicted to drug and alcohol often deny their alcohol behavior and do not agree with the fact that it is harmful to them and to others also. They cannot understand that they have been facing serious problems, often become aggressive or defensive, make others feel guilty and ignore the requests for help. It is quite depressing for the friends and family members who try to help them recover from the drug abusing problems. Intervention, either one-to-one or group, can be the right solution for such people.

The process of intervention helps in giving the correct type of support. It even encourages the individual to receive the help that they deserve and need. The main goal of drug intervention is to make them confident that they have the power to overcome the addiction. It even tries to make the individual ready to go to drug addiction treatment program. Alcoholism intervention aims to educate the person on the dangerous effects of alcohol and also encourages them to stop the deadly habit.

The intervention program is made successful with encouragement from friends, family, and a healthcare professional from treatment center. Before conducting the intervention meeting with the drug abused person, the family members of friends should contact and talk to the professional. Then they have to determine the situation and decide the time and place of intervention. Later the intervention meeting should be conducted in which the person is explained about the need and importance of getting away from the substance abuse. Also, they make them understand the harmful effects of neglecting the intervention and treatment. Once the intervention program is successful, the treatment process starts and it includes certain prescription drug medication and also motivational behavioral therapies based on the extent of drug addiction of the person.

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March 16th, 2011

Find the Effects of Drug Abuse on Society

by Dov Waxman

Drug abuse is a serious concern these days in the United States. Everyone knows that there are several physical and mental health effects on the user. Effects of drug addiction are seen not only in the user but also in surrounding people as well as society.

Drug addicted parents at home do not take care of their children. Drug abuse affects all the issues that are to be resolved in home. Children also feel insecure and get disturbed. Emotional disturbances and suicidal thoughts may arise in other members of the family also. Drug addicted people spend much of their money on drugs. Also, they cannot perform well at workplaces. This results in decline of the financial position in the family. Sudden injuries and death of drug addicted people are the negative consequences of addiction which is an unpaid loss for the family members.

People habituated to drug abuse often have behavioral changes. Sudden mood changes are prevalent among substance drug users. They become violent and aggressive for no apparent reason. There are chances that they get involved in crime related activities. Friends, neighbors, and other people in the society fear facing such individuals. Thus, drug addiction has a direct effect on the society.

Large number of accidents occur at workplace, roads and other places due to drug addicted people. This may cause huge losses for both addicted people as well as the employers and other organizations. Treatment for drug addiction includes high costs, as it is a very critical process. Also government has to invest huge amounts of money for educating people about the dangerous effects of drug abuse. Thus, economy also gets affected due to drug abuse. Therefore, substance drug abuse has a massive impact on society.

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December 17th, 2010

Why is it Important to Conduct Pre-Employment Drug Testing

by Edwin Rosenthal

Nowadays, Pre-employment drug testing has become common in many organizations. It is conducted on the job applicants before hiring them. So in order to get the job, they need to pass such drug test.

Generally, drug testing in the workplace prevents drug abuse among the employees and ensures safe and drug free environment. It also helps to improve the productivity and profits of the company as well. In the same way pre employment drug testing prevents the drug abusers from entering the organization. Conducting the pre-employment drug test is important to the employers to main a drug free workplace.

Conducting pre-employment drug testing on potential employees helps employer to have better idea on the overall character of the person. Then employer can be alert in choosing right persons.

Using any type of drug can have adverse affects on the user and people around him and especially at the workplace. So this test also helps employers to keep the existing employees safe.

Employers can save the money on medical costs. Accidents at workplaces can be avoided. They need not spend huge amounts of money on insurance claims for such employees.

This is beneficial for employees as well. Because, they need to avoid the using drug and alcohol to get job in any organization. So they will be safe from negative effects of drug abuse.

Conducting pre-employment drug testing is important for employer and employee as well.

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November 19th, 2010

Importance of Pre-Employment Drug Testing

by Dov Waxman

Due to rising number of drug abuse cases, organizations are forced to use methods like random drug testing in order to control drug abuse among their employees. However, it is better to avoid recruiting candidates with drug abuse habits instead of spending time and money on monitoring them. Pre employment drug testing is the best way to know if the applied candidate is a drug abuser and thus avoid recruiting him.

It is important to conduct pre-employment drug test before appointing candidates in organizations. Because drug abused employees can cause many negative attributes to the company.

The percent of employees who use drugs is increasing these days. According to the NSDUH, 8 percent of the full time employees who are aged 18 or older used drugs in US in 2009. This number is alarming to the companies who are adopting pre employment drug testing to avoid it among their recruited.

Pre-employment drug testing helps employers to develop a productive and healthy workforce with healthy environment at workplace. Company will not recruit the persons as employees, who use drugs or alcohol. It helps organizations to avoid extra costs that may require to monitor drug abuse or alcohol use of accustomed employees. This will automatically improve the productivity and profit of the company.

In this way pre employment drug testing is helpful for any organization to maintain a healthy and drug-free environment.

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November 18th, 2010

Facts about Drug Abuse and Addiction

by Edwin Rosenthal

Drugs are the chemicals, which have susceptible impact on neuro-chemical balance of human brain that effects feelings and actions of an individual. Abusing drugs often or regularly leads to addiction. Although there is no particular age limit for drug addiction, earlier abuse causes more serious drug addiction.

Reasons for addiction
Every abuser has a different reason for drug abuse or addiction. Mostly to escape from problems, people abuse drugs, and become addicted. Many factors influence the individuals like social environment, person’s biology, and age. Family, friends, life style of individual contribute to drug abuse. Critical stages of life along with genetic, and environmental factors also affect drug addiction susceptibility.

Effects of addiction
Complications of drug addiction are very high and it is like a disease that affects brain, and total functioning of the body. Brain’s communication system is affected with the chemicals present in drugs as they disrupt the process of information flow to nerve cells. Short and long term effects are seen in the abuse due to drug addiction.

  • Short term: The chemicals present in the drugs will blow into the brain’s communication system. These chemicals can disturb the functioning of the “reward circuit” of the brain. Many short-term consequences are observed in abuser’s health and avoiding drug abuse can help in overcoming the short-term consequences. Sleeplessness, irritability, anxiety, running nose, nausea, vomiting, muscle pain, depression, headache, dizziness, effects on memory and respiratory problems etc are found with short term drug addiction.
  • Long term: Serious long-term effects are found with drug abuse and addiction changes brain chemical system and circuit. These effects can lead from mild itching to coma and to death of the drug abuser. This addiction facilitates the user in experiencing uncontrollable cravings particularly when they see place or person associated with drug. High drug addiction can lead for infectious diseases, breathing related diseases, veins, or nervous collapse, and abuser can even die in minutes in certain situations.

The above addressed information about reasons and effects of drug abuse and addiction can be useful in preventing drug abuse. Prevention programs and educating the people about effects can be helpful in preventing drug abuse and addiction in society. If it is not controlled at right time, these drugs can become masters of abuser’s life. The consequences of addiction of drug can be overwhelming to both the user and to the user’s family members.


July 21st, 2010

Therapy Effective for Cocaine Dependence

by Debbie Harry

Treatment is taken by the majority of individuals who smoke crack. Abuse and addiction of cocaine is a complex problem and it causes biological changes in the brain, familial, social , environmental factors. So cocaine treatment is complex. These social, psychobiological, and pharmacological aspects of the patients’ drug abuse are needed for cocaine treatment strategies.

Pharmacological Approach:
Currently there is no available medications to treat cocaine addiction specially. Now a days new treatments are being identified by the National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA). This is identifying the newly emerging compounds to assess users’ efficacy and safety in treating cocaine addiction. Because of the excessive cocaine abuse, some medical treatments are being improved to deal with the deeply perspctive emergencies.

Behavioral Interventions:
For cocaine addiction, there are many behavioral treatments that have been developed and these are effective for cocaine addiction. Yet there is no viable medication for drug problems, but for these problems behavioral therapies are effective treatment approaches.

Any way for treating addiction,integration of both types of treatments is finally the best effective approach. For many cocaine addicted populations, this behavioral therapy component is showing positive results.

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July 2nd, 2010

Marijuana’s Effect on Neurotransmitters

by PT

Marijuana is a drug; it is green, brown or gray mixture of dried stems, seeds flowers of the hemp plant. Marijuana abuse has impact on body as well as brain.

Naturally a chemical is produced by the body that is very similar to THC; these chemicals are called as endogenous cannabinoids or endocannabinod. THC or delta 9 is one of the ingredient and chemical found in marijuana.

Neurons are cells in brain; information will be processed by this cells. These cells are authorized by neurotransmitter chemicals to communicate with each other. These cells release in to gap between the neurons known as synapse. There are some proteins in neurons called as receptors which are specific to neurotransmitters. Various cellular mechanisms are turned on or off by these receptors. Production, release or re-uptake of various neurotransmitters are effected by the drugs. Actions of neurotransmitters are blocked by the marijuana drug. It interferes with the mechanisms which associates with the receptor. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter, which associates with pleasurable sensations externally. This dopamine production is reduced by drug use. Indication for this harmful behavior of the user. Neurons are activated by this drug leading to high sensation of feelings.

Marijuana users thus experience reduction in pain and increased appetite. They may get sleepiness, impaired attention span, mellow feeling, and blood pressure can be reduced.

There are so many adverse effects of use of marijuana on brain and body of human beings. Some times it may lead to cancer as well as death.

June 5th, 2010

Know About Side Effects Of Depressants

by Debbie Harry

Depressants can be used both for medicinal and for illegal usage.

The positive effects of depressants with the prescription of the doctor are:

  • They reduces anxiety and stress.
  • They induce sleepiness
  • They relieve aches, pains.
  • To cause the relaxation of the muscles.
  • To lower blood pressure.

If they are consumed without the prescription of the doctors then there will be many side effects. Even large dosage of the prescription drugs leads to confusion, sleepiness and reduces concentration of a person.

Negative effects:

  • If the drug is consumed in large dosage then the speech of the person gets slurred.
  • If it is over dosage then the person may enter into coma, respiratory depression.
  • If the pregnant woman consumes it then it may affect the health of the infants and the infants may cause behaviour problems.
  • Even the brain volume decreases and causes memory problems.
  • It causes loss of inhibition and even in some cases it causes euphoria.
  • If it is withdrawn from a long term use then it causes weakness, vomiting, head ache, shaking and even sweating.
  • If it is used for a long time then it causes death.

In addition to short term effects there are even long term effects. Over usage for many years leads to the permanent damage of the liver, heart, brain, and even damages other internal organs.

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